Astronomers discover dozens of new variable stars

The phase-folded mild curves for the 26 eclipsing binaries reported within the examine. Credit score: Wang et al., 2022.

Utilizing the Nanshan One Meter Extensive Area Telescope (NOWT), Chinese language astronomers have noticed the open cluster NGC 2355 and its surrounding subject, trying to find variable stars. They’ve detected 72 new variables on this area. The discovering is reported in a paper revealed June 14 on arXiv.org.

Star clusters provide wonderful alternatives to check stellar evolution, since they’re collections of stars with comparable properties, for instance age, distance and preliminary composition. Specifically, astronomers usually search for variable stars in younger clusters, which may very well be essential in advancing our understanding of pre-main sequence (PMS) stars and thus the early phases of stellar evolution.

Not too long ago, a crew of astronomers led by Hong Wang from the Xinjiang Astronomical Observatory in Xinjiang, China, performed a complete seek for variable stars in NGC 2355 utilizing NOWT’s CCD digicam. At a distance of about 5,400 Gentle yearsNGC 2355 is a open cluster within the constellation of Gemini, estimated at 900 million years. Thus far, only some variable searches have been carried out on this group.

“We now have investigated the variable stars within the subject round NGC 2355 primarily based on time-series photometric statement information. Greater than 3,000 V-band CCD frames unfold over 13 nights have been obtained with the 1-meter wide-field telescope of Nanshan”. the researchers wrote within the article.

In complete, Wang’s crew detected 88 variable stars in 13 nights of photometric observations. It turned out that 72 of the 88 stars are new variables, whereas the remainder are recognized variables reported by earlier observations.

The researchers labeled the celebrities within the pattern into differing types primarily based on their mild curves and derived basic parameters. Lastly, of all the celebrities reported within the paper, 52 are pulsating stars, 26 are eclipsing binaries, and 4 have been labeled as rotating variables. The remaining six are dim-type variable stars.

“For these variable stars for which no sort has been decided, we might have additional observations later to determine and classify these unknown variable stars,” stated Dr. astronomers wrote.

Of the 52 pulsating stars, 38 have been additional labeled as Delta Scuti variables, 9 as RR Lyraes, three as Gamma Doradus variables, and two as Cepheid I-type variable stars. In the case of the 26 eclipsing binaries, 11 of them are EW-type. , 9 of sort EA and the remainder are of sort EB.

The researchers famous that 4 variable stars reported within the paper are members of NGC 2355, along with the 11 beforehand recognized variables labeled as members of the cluster by a 2018 examine. They’re situated within the outer area of the cluster and present homogeneity in positions. spatial. and kinematic properties with the cluster members As well as, the examine authors discovered that NGC 2355 has a metallicity of roughly -0.07 dex and a redness stage of 0.24.


Virtually a dozen new variable stars detected within the open cluster NGC 1912 and its environment


Extra data:
Hong Wang et al, Trying to find Variable Stars within the Open Cluster NGC 2355 and its Surrounding Area. arXiv:2206.06569v1 [astro-ph.SR], arxiv.org/abs/2206.06569

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